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The reliability of material simulations put to test

April 27, 2016 - 7:45am
Several international scientists from over 30 universities and institutes teamed to investigate to what extent quantum simulations of material properties agree when they are performed by different res...

Scientists propose non-animal tools for assessing the toxicity of nanomaterials: Particle and Fibre Toxicology publishes recommendations from expert group meeting

April 27, 2016 - 7:45am
A workshop organized last year by the PETA International Science Consortium Ltd has resulted in an article published today in the journal Particle and Fibre Toxicology. It describes aerosol generation...

New spin Seebeck thermoelectric device with higher conversion efficiency created

April 27, 2016 - 7:45am
A thermoelectric (TE) device*1 using cutting edge thermoelectric conversion technology has been created by a team comprising NEC Corporation, NEC TOKIN Corporation and Tohoku University.

Physicists detect the enigmatic spin momentum of light

April 27, 2016 - 7:45am
Ever since Kepler's observation in the 17th century that sunlight is one of the reasons that the tails of comets to always face away from the sun, it has been understood that light exerts pressure in...

The light stuff: A brand-new way to produce electron spin currents - Colorado State University physicists are the first to demonstrate using non-polarized light to produce a spin voltage in a metal

April 27, 2016 - 7:45am
With apologies to Isaac Asimov, the most exciting phase to hear in science isn't "Eureka," but "That's funny..." A "that's funny" moment in a Colorado State University physics lab has led to a fund...

XEI Scientific and the University of Southern California collaborate on the use of downstream plasma cleaning in sample preparation and publish a paper in ACS Photonics

April 27, 2016 - 7:45am
XEI Scientific Inc. reports on the latest publication from their user group at the Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. The paper rele...

Rare Earth atoms see the light: Physicist Dirk Bouwmeester discovers a promising route for combined optical and solid state-based quantum information processing

April 27, 2016 - 7:45am
Tiny units of matter and chemistry that they are, atoms constitute the entire universe. Some rare atoms can store quantum information, an important phenomenon for scientists in their ongoing quest for...

Atoms placed precisely in silicon can act as quantum simulator

April 25, 2016 - 7:45am
In a proof-of-principle experiment, researchers at UNSW Australia have demonstrated that a small group of individual atoms placed very precisely in silicon can act as a quantum simulator, mimicking na...

Manipulating light inside opaque layers

April 25, 2016 - 7:45am
Light propagating in a layer of scattering nanoparticles, shows the principle of diffusion - like tea particles in hot water. The deeper light is penetrating into the layer, the lower the energy densi...

Thin-film solar cells: How defects appear and disappear in CIGSe cells: Concentration of copper plays a crucial role

April 25, 2016 - 7:45am
Copper-indium-gallium-selenide (CIGSe) solar cells have the highest efficiency of polycrystalline thin-film solar cells. The four elements comprising CIGSe are vapour-deposited onto a substrate togeth...

Park Systems Global Expansion in AFM Market Includes Appointment of New Executives

April 25, 2016 - 7:45am
Park Systems, world-leader in atomic force microscopy (AFM) announced today the appointments of Charlie Park as Senior Vice President of Global Sales, and Jong-Pil Park as Vice President of Production...

Electrically Conductive Graphene Ink Enables Printing of Biosensors

April 25, 2016 - 7:45am
Haydale, a leader in the development of enhanced graphene and nanoparticulate materials, reports on a presentation that describes the development of roll-to-roll gravure printing of biosensors based u...

How to Avoid Foot Amputation in Diabetic Patients?

April 25, 2016 - 7:45am
Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University and National Autonomous Mexico University develop techniques to treat diabetic foot syndrome with special insoles with silver nano-particles. The technique...

The Graphene Flagship Enters Core One

April 25, 2016 - 7:45am
In October 2013 the European Commission as part of its Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) scheme launched the Graphene Flagship. This large scale, international research collaboration is moving fo...

Highlights from the Graphene Flagship

April 25, 2016 - 7:45am
Notable achievements from the ramp-up phase of the Graphene Flagship - Ramp up phase highlights from the Graphene Flagship The activities of all the Flagship partners are too numerous to list in th...

Adding some salt to the recipe for energy storage materials: Researchers use common table salt as growth template

April 25, 2016 - 7:45am
The secret to making the best energy storage materials is growing them with as much surface area as possible. Like baking, it requires just the right mixture of ingredients prepared in a specific amou...

The atom without properties

April 25, 2016 - 7:45am
The microscopic world is governed by the rules of quantum mechanics, where the properties of a particle can be completely undetermined and yet strongly correlated with those of other particles. Physic...

Columbia Engineering-led team advances single molecule electronic DNA sequencing: Researchers achieve real-time single molecule electronic DNA sequencing at single-base resolution using a protein nanopore array--a future platform for precision medicine

April 23, 2016 - 7:45am
Researchers from Columbia University, with colleagues at Genia Technologies (Roche), Harvard University and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) report achieving real-time single...

Cleaning up hybrid battery electrodes improves capacity and lifespan: New way of building supercapacitor-battery electrodes eliminates interference from inactive components

April 23, 2016 - 7:45am
Hybrid batteries that charge faster than conventional ones could have significantly better electrical capacity and long-term stability when prepared with a gentle-sounding way of making electrodes.

Zip software can detect the quantum-classical boundary: Compression of experimental data reveals the presence of quantum correlations

April 23, 2016 - 7:45am
Quantum physics has a reputation for being mysterious and mathematically challenging. That makes it all the more surprising that a new technique to detect quantum behaviour relies on a familiar tool:...