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Quantum dots with impermeable shell: A powerful tool for nanoengineering

August 16, 2016 - 7:45am
Unique optical features of quantum dots make them an attractive tool for many applications, from cutting-edge displays to medical imaging. Physical, chemical or biological properties of quantum dots m...

Cement design should take into account the water confined in the smallest pores: A researcher at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country is participating in the study of the stresses of confined water in the micropores of cement at extreme temperatur

August 16, 2016 - 7:45am
As it is a basic building material used across the world, cement is subjected to a vast range of conditions, both physiological and meteorological, no matter whether they are caused by extreme tempera...

NREL technique leads to improved perovskite solar cells

August 16, 2016 - 7:45am
Scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), in collaboration with researchers at Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), devised a method to improve perovskite sol...

DNA dominos on a chip: Carriers of genetic information packed together on a biochip like in nature

August 16, 2016 - 7:45am
Normally, individual molecules of genetic material repel each other. However, when space is limited DNA molecules must be packed together more tightly. This case arises in sperm, cell nuclei and the p...

Simplified approach to drug development with Upsalite

August 13, 2016 - 7:45am
For the first time, researchers have revealed the nanostructure of the mesoporous magnesium carbonate Upsalite® and pore size control was achieved without organic templates or swelling agents. By cont...

Tailored probes for atomic force microscopes: 3-D laser lithography enhances microscope for studying nanostructures in biology and engineering/ publication in Applied Physics Letters

August 13, 2016 - 7:45am
Atomic force microscopes make the nanostructure of surfaces visible. Their probes scan the investigation material with finest measurement needles. KIT has now succeeded in adapting these needles to th...

A spoonful of fat makes the medicine go down: By-passing the 'first past metabolism' barrier

August 13, 2016 - 7:45am
For years scientists and dieticians have argued over the health benefits of dietary fat. Research published this week, however, shows that piggybacking onto natural fat absorption pathways can dramati...

To Infinity and Beyond with Nanosatellites

August 13, 2016 - 7:45am
Researchers at the University of Maryland and Michigan Technological University have operated a tiny proposed satellite ion rocket under a microscope to see how it works.

Towards a better screen; New molecules promise cheaper, more efficient OLED displays

August 11, 2016 - 7:45am
Harvard University researchers have designed more than 1,000 new blue-light emitting molecules for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) that could dramatically improve displays for televisions, phone...

Prototype chip could help make quantum computing practical: Built-in optics could enable chips that use trapped ions as quantum bits

August 11, 2016 - 7:45am
Quantum computers are largely hypothetical devices that could perform some calculations much more rapidly than conventional computers can. Instead of the bits of classical computation, which can repre...

Smarter self-assembly opens new pathways for nanotechnology: Brookhaven Lab scientists discover a way to create billionth-of-a-meter structures that snap together in complex patterns with unprecedented efficiency

August 11, 2016 - 7:45am
To continue advancing, next-generation electronic devices must fully exploit the nanoscale, where materials span just billionths of a meter. But balancing complexity, precision, and manufacturing scal...

Lithium-ion batteries: Capacity might be increased by 6 times

August 11, 2016 - 7:45am
The team was able to show through neutron measurements made at the Institut Laue-Langevin in Grenoble, France, that lithium ions do not penetrate deeply into the silicon. During the charge cycle, a 20...

Making a solar energy conversion breakthrough with help from a ferroelectrics pioneer: Philadelphia-based team shows how a ferroelectric insulator can surpass shockley-queisser limit

August 11, 2016 - 7:45am
Designers of solar cells may soon be setting their sights higher, as a discovery by a team of researchers has revealed a class of materials that could be better at converting sunlight into energy than...

Self-cleaning, anti-reflective, microorganism-resistant coatings: Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country are modifying surface properties of materials to obtain specific properties at a lower cost

August 11, 2016 - 7:45am
Coatings or paints are materials applied to different surfaces basically for decorative and protective purposes. Yet today the market for these materials is being subjected to increasingly tougher spe...

Nothing -- and something -- give concrete strength, toughness: Rice University scientists show how voids, particles sap energy from cracks

August 11, 2016 - 7:45am
What does one need to strengthen or toughen concrete? A lot of nothing. Or something. The "nothing" is in the form of microscopic voids and the "something" consists of particular particles embedded...

Iowa State scientists develop quick-destructing battery to power 'transient' devices

August 11, 2016 - 7:45am
Self-destructing electronic devices could keep military secrets out of enemy hands. Or they could save patients the pain of removing a medical device. Or, they could allow environmental sensors to was...

Penn researchers improve computer modeling for designing drug-delivery nanocarriers

August 9, 2016 - 7:45am
A team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has developed a computer model that will aid in the design of nanocarriers, microscopic structures used to guide drugs to their targets in the body. Th...

Stanford-led team reveals nanoscale secrets of rechargeable batteries

August 9, 2016 - 7:45am
Better batteries that charge quickly and last a long time are a brass ring for engineers. But despite decades of research and innovation, a fundamental understanding of exactly how batteries work at t...

New X-Ray microscopy technique images nanoscale workings of rechargeable batteries: Method developed at Berkeley Lab's Advanced Light Source could help researchers improve battery performance

August 9, 2016 - 7:45am
There's a new tool in the push to engineer rechargeable batteries that last longer and charge more quickly. An X-ray microscopy technique recently developed at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berk...

Argonne discovery yields self-healing diamond-like carbon

August 9, 2016 - 7:45am
Fans of Superman surely recall how the Man of Steel used immense heat and pressure generated by his bare hands to form a diamond out of a lump of coal. The tribologists -- scientists who st...