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Spin-transfer torque magnetic random-access memory could act as memristive device capable of “learning”, say French researchers.
The ability of materials to conduct heat is a concept that we are all familiar with from everyday life. The modern story of thermal transport dates back to 1822 when the brilliant French physicist Jea...
Iranian and Malaysian researchers studied the effects of clay nanoparticles on the process of production of cellulose fibers.
As baby boomers age, the number of people diagnosed with Parkinson's disease is expected to increase. Patients who develop this disease usually start experiencing symptoms around age 60 or older. Curr...
Ever since computers have been small enough to be fixtures on desks and laps, their central processing has functioned something like an atomic Etch A Sketch, with electromagnetic fields pushing data b...
In the quantum world of light, being distinguishable means staying lonely. Only those photons that are indistinguishable can wind up in a pair, through what is called Hong-Ou-Mandel interference. This...
Quantum dots put voltage fluctuations to work.
In an effort to transition from petroleum-based fuels, vehicles such as the Hyundai Tucson Fuel Cell are becoming more widespread. However, the inherent safety and cost of compressed hydrogen tanks are still in question. Electrolytic water splitting represents the most environmentally friendly alternative to generate hydrogen gas; however, the kinetics of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) are slow and require a catalyst. Most catalysts to date have been limited to transition metal oxides or noble metals both of which are expensive and unsustainable. The report by Lu et al. reports that unexpectedly high OER catalytic activity was achieved by oxidized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). A variety of precursors may be used to synthesize MWCNTs, which has resulted in lower costs and ready availability of these nanostructures. In this work detailing the development of metal free electrocatalysts, it was discovered that surface-oxidized MWCNTs, post-treated by hydrothermal and electrochemical activation treatments, showed unprecedented OER activity even in the absence of surface metal oxide catalysts. This OER activity was rationalized by the oxygen containing functional groups such as ketonic C-O, which altered the electronic distribution of the surrounding carbon atoms at the MWCNT surfaces, thereby facilitating the adsorption of water oxidation intermediates. These findings open the door to new applications of surface-oxidized MWCNTs for catalyzing a class of important anodic reactions in water splitting and fuel cells. Further improvements of the activity of the surface-oxidized carbon nanomaterials may enable the fine-tuning of the structure and compositions of hybrid carbon materials for specific applications. These findings provide a prime example of sustainable pathways for nanotechnology to solve critical environmental and societal issues. Reference: Lu X, Yim W-L, Suryanto BHR, Zhao C. Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution at Surface-Oxidized Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015; 137 (8): 2901-2907 doi: 10.1021/ja509879r (http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/ja509879r#showFigures) Image reprinted with permission from American Chemical Society
Categories: National Nanomanufacturing Network
(with video) New metasurfaces could be important for making a range of nonlinear devices, including holograms, photonics crystals and circuits.
A new technical poster from Haydale Ltd. describes a cost-effective and repeatable method for characterisation of functionalised carbon nanomaterials.
New Application Note Describes Nanomechanical Measurements on Diverse Materials Using the Asylum Research NanomechPro Toolkit
Oxford Instruments Asylum Research has released a new application note, The NanomechProTM Toolkit: Nanomechanical AFM Techniques for Diverse Materials, written Dr. Donna Hurley, founder of Lark Scie...
UCLA nanoscientists are first to model atomic structures of three bacterial nanomachines: Cryo electron microscope enables scientists to explore the frontiers of targeted antibiotics
Researchers at UCLAs California NanoSystems Institute have become the first to produce images of the atomic structures of three specific biological nanomachines, each derived from a different potenti...
Whiteboards of the future: New electronic paper could make inexpensive electronic displays: A simple structure of bi-colored balls made of tough, inexpensive materials is well suited for large handwriting-enabled e-paper displays
Researchers from the University of Tokyo have revamped an old e-paper concept to make an inexpensive handwriting-enabled e-paper well suited to large displays like whiteboards. They describe the e-pap...
Rafts on the cell membrane: Researchers from TU Wien (Vienna) shed light on a big secret of cell membranes: The 'lipid rafts', which have been believed to move within the cell membrane, do not really exist
Tiny structures made of lipid molecules and proteins have been believed to wander within the membrane of a cell, much like rafts on the water. This "raft hypothesis" has been widely accepted, but now...
New tabletop detector 'sees' single electrons: Magnet-based setup may help detect the elusive mass of neutrinos
MIT physicists have developed a new tabletop particle detector that is able to identify single electrons in a radioactive gas.
In seeking to develop the next generation of micro-electronic transistors, researchers have long sought to find the next best thing to replace silicon. To this end, a wealth of recent research into fu...
Harris & Harris Group Sponsors NYC American Heart Association's Health Sciences Innovation Investment Forum: Co-founder of Harris & Harris Group Portfolio Company TARA Biosystems to Speak About the Value of Tissue Engineering Technology
Harris & Harris Group, Inc. (Nasdaq:TINY), an investor in transformative companies enabled by disruptive science, continues its support of emerging companies in the biotech industry by sponsoring the...
Delong America is proud to announce the international release of the new model LVEM25 compact electron microscope. Built on the same miniature and easy to operate platform as the widely used LVEM5 ben...
Bharat Ratna Professor C.N.R Rao presented the Oxford Instruments Young Nanoscientist India Award 2015 to Prof. Arindam Ghosh for his outstanding contribution to Nano Science in India at Nanotechno...
Nanocavity device could be used to detect weak physical and chemical processes in real time.